Changes note – all of the footnotes are removed in the Whereas clauses, no other changes to that section, the blue-highlighted resolved clauses have been changed with additions/removals, take as presented, thank you.

RESOLUTION DECLARING THAT THE INVESTIGATION AND ARREST OF INDIVIDUALS

INVOLVED WITH THE PERSONAL USE, GROWTH, AND POSSESSION OF ENTHEOGENIC

PLANTS, INCLUDING THOSE SCHEDULED AT STATE AND FEDERAL LEVELS, BE THE

LOWEST PRIORITY FOR THE CITY OF ANN ARBOR

WHEREAS, Entheogenic Plants, defined herein as the full spectrum of plants, fungi, and natural

materials and/or their extracted compounds, limited to those containing the following types of

compounds: indole amines, tryptamines, and phenethylamines; that can benefit psychological and

physical wellness, support and enhance religious and spiritual practices, and can reestablish

human’s inalienable and direct relationship to nature; and


WHEREAS, substance abuse, addiction, recidivism, trauma, post-traumatic stress symptoms,

chronic depression, severe anxiety, end-of-life anxiety, grief, cluster headaches and other

debilitating conditions are present in our community; and


WHEREAS, the use of Entheogenic Plants, which can catalyze profound experiences of personal and

spiritual growth1, have been shown by scientific and clinical studies and traditional practices to be

beneficial to the health and well-being of individuals and communities  in addressing these

conditionsand 


WHEREAS, practices with Entheogenic Plants have long existed and have been considered to be

sacred to human cultures and interrelationships with nature for thousands of years and 


WHEREAS, individuals seeking to improve their health and well-being through the use of

Entheogenic Plants fear arrest and prosecution due to current legal prohibitions; and


WHEREAS, the City of Ann Arbor currently has many other priorities for the use of its funds, staff, and

law enforcement resources; and 


WHEREAS, the United Nations considers Entheogenic Plant material used for ritual purposes as

excluded from Schedule 1 substances; and


WHEREAS, the Entheogenic Plant practices of certain groups are already explicitly protected in the

U.S. under the principle of religious freedom; and


WHEREAS, Entheogenic plants such as Ibogaine have been shown to alleviate treatment resistant

cases of opiate and methamphetamine addiction at higher rates than other treatment; and 


WHEREAS, Entheogenic Plants or combinations of plants such as Ayahuasca contain

Dimethyltryptamine (a naturally occurring compound in the human body) that can be beneficial in

treating addiction, depression, and in catalyzing profound experiences of personal and spiritual

growth ; and


WHEREAS, Entheogenic plants such as cacti that contain phenethylamine compounds (such as

mescaline), can be beneficial in the treatment of drug and alcohol addiction and for individual spiritual

growth, and have been utilized in sacred initiation and community healing by diverse religious and

cultural traditions for millennia and continue to be used for healing and as religious sacraments in

modern times ; and 


WHEREAS, psilocybin, naturally occurring in Entheogenic mushrooms, can alleviate end-of-life

anxiety for hospice and terminal cancer patients, can reduce prison recidivism, can effectively

treat substance abuse , depression, and cluster headaches (a Johns Hopkins University study on

“healthy-normals,” found that Entheogenic plants can occasion mystical-type experiences, which

were considered one of the top five most meaningful experiences in a subject’s life, and positive lifestyle

changes continued in a 14-month follow-up); therefore 


BE IT RESOLVED: That the Mayor and City Council hereby declare that it shall be the policy of the

City of Ann Arbor that the investigation and arrest of persons for planting, cultivating, purchasing,

transporting, distributing, engaging in practices with, or possessing Entheogenic Plants or plant

compounds which are on the Federal Schedule 1 list shall be the lowest law enforcement priority for

the City of Ann Arbor; and be it


FURTHER RESOLVED: That the Mayor and City Council call upon the Washtenaw County Prosecutor

to cease prosecution of persons involved in the use of Entheogenic Plants or plant-based compounds designated by the Federal Controlled Substance Act; and be it


FURTHUR RESLOVED: That this resolution does not authorize or enable the commission of any crimes; and be it


FURTHUR RESOLVED: That any significant violation of state or federal law, or any use of Entheogenic Plants that poses a threat to the public health, safety and welfare, may result in law enforcement involvement by the City of Ann Arbor; and be it



FURTHER RESOLVED: That if any provision of this resolution is declared by a court of competent

jurisdiction to be contrary to any statute, regulation, or judicial decision, so that its applicability to any

agency, person, or circumstance is held invalid, the validity of the remainder of this resolution and its

applicability to any other agency, person, or circumstance shall not be affected.


Panel Discussion with DNA2

DNA2 will join MPS to discuss the decriminalization of enthoegenic plants/fungi and what this means for the people in the city of Ann Arbor.

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